DISTRICT PROFILE 2006

1 Geographical Position 18 Transport
2 Area and Population 19 Communication
3 Vital Statistics  20 Co-operation
4 Temperature 21 Registration
5 Rainfall 22 Housing
6 Agriculture 23 Social Welfare
7 Irrigation 24 Nutritious Meals Programme
8 Animal Husbandry 25 Revenue Administrative Divisions
9 Dairy Development 26 Local Bodies
10 Fisheries 27 Community Development
11 Forest 28 Police and Prisons
12 Electricity 29 Legislature
13 Enterprises 30 Cinema Theatres
14 Industries 31 Banking and Insurance
15 Khadi and Village Industries 32 Natural Resources
16 Medical and Health 33 General
17 Education    

 

1. GEOGRAPHICAL POSITION 

North  Latitude

Between 11  14`  and  12 53`

East Longitude

Between 77  44`  and  78 50`

 

2. AREA AND POPULATION (2001 CENSUS)

 

 

 Population 2001

1.

Area (Sq.km)

5205

2

Population (As per 2001 Census)

 

 

a.  Male Population

1563633

 

b.  Female Population

1452713

 

c.  Rural Population

1626162

 

d.  Urban Population

1390184

 

TOTAL

3016346

3.

Density (per. Sq. Km.)

573

4.

Literates (Population 2001)

1734442

5.

Main Workers (Population 2001)

1279846

 

a. Total Workers

1454645

 

b. Male Workers

942939

 

c. Female Workers

511706

 

d. Rural Workers

883025

 

e. Urban workers

571620

 

f. Cultivators

301238

 

g. Agricultural Labourers

387901

 

h. Household Industry Workers

134261

 

i. Other workers

631245

 

j. Marginal Workers

174799

6.

Non – Workers

1561701

(It Includes Aged persons, Housewives, Children and person engaged in personnel services etc.)

7.

Language Spoken in the District

Tamil, Telugu and Kannada

 

3. VITAL STATISTICS 2005

 

 

Nos.

1.

Birth

571153

2.

Death

11623

3.

Infant Details

1215

4.

Birth Rate (per 1000 population)

 

 

a.  Rural (42015)

19.0

 

b.  Urban (15138)

17.4

 

c.  Combined (57153)

18.6

5.

Death Rate (per 1000 Population)

 

 

a.  Rural (9935)

4.5

 

b.  Urban (1683)

1.9

 

c.  Combined (11618)

3.8

6.

Infant Mortality rate (per 1000 live births)

 

 

a.  Rural (41230)

N. A.

 

b.  Urban (15004) 

N. A.

 

c.  Combined (56234)

N. A.

7.

Expectation of life at birth

 

 

a.  Male

N. A.

 

b.  Female

N. A.

8. No. of Deaths of women due to problems related to child birth  
  a. At the time of delivery 7
  b. During Pregnancy 13
  c. After Child birth (within 42 days) 50

 

4. TEMPERATURE (IN DEGREE CELSIUS)

1

Plains

 

 

 

a.   Maximum

37.9

 

 

b.   Minimum

18.9

 

2

Hill Station

 

 

 

a.   Maximum

NIL

 

 

b.   Minimum

NIL

 

   

5. RAIN FALL (IN M.M.)

1 Normal
South West (Jun-Sep) 380.0 mm
North East (Oct-Dec) 347.0 mm
2 Actual
South West (Jun-Sep) 408.1 mm
North East (Oct-Dec) 607.1 mm

 

6. AGRICULTURE

 

 

Year 2005-2006

1.

Total Cultivated area (Hect)

250573

 

2.

Net Area sown

217446

 

3.

Area Sown more than once (Hect)

33127

 

4. Area and production of principal crops Area (Hect) in "000" Production in "000" (Tonne)

 

a.  Rice

37.328 152.634

 

b.  Millets and Other Cereals

44.714 60.185

 

c.  Pulses

11.746 5.955

 

d.  Sugarcane (Gur)

10.468 85.544

 

e.  Groundnut

32.202 52.038

 

f.  Gingelly

2.173 1.384

 

g.  Cotton (Bales)

14.931 4.405
5. Agricultural land Holdings (2000-2001)

 

 

 

a.  Holdings

3050234

 

 

b.  Area (Hect0

271080

 

 

c.  Average size of holdings (Hect)

0.89

 

6.

a. Important Food Crops

Paddy, Cholam, Cumbu, Ragi Redgram, Greengram, Blackgram, Horsegram, Turmeric, Sugarcane, Mango, Bannana, Tapiaco, Groundnut & Gingelly

 

b.  Important Non-food Crops

Cotton, Castor Seed, Coffee and Fodder Crops

 


 

7. IRRIGATION

 

 

Year 2005-2006

1.

Net Area irrigated by (Hect)

 

 

          a.  Government Canals

795

 

          b.  Private Canals

---

 

          c.  Tanks

546

 

          d.  Tube wells

9504

 

          e.  Other wells 

11521

 

          f.   Other sources

--

 

         TOTAL NET AREA IRRIGATED

97973

2.

Gross Area irrigated (Hect)

119680

3.

Name of Rivers

Cauveri, Sarabanga Nathi, Vasista Nathi and Suvetha Nathi 

4.

Name of Lakes

Govindavadi Eri, Ayyanar Koil Eri, Mookaneri Eri, Attur Pudu Eri, Umayalpuram Eri, Thedavoor Eri, Aragaloor Eri, Sendarapatty Eri, Naduvalur Eri, Sarvoy Periya Eri and Vadaman Eri.

 

8. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY

 

 

Year 2005-2006

1.

Vetrinary Instituations

 

 

a. Veterinary Hospitals

6

 

b. Veterinary Dispensaries

58

 

c.  Clinical Centres

1

  d.  Sub Centres 53

2.

Poultry Development

 

 

a.  Chicks produced in hatcheries (lakh Nos.)

NIL

 

b.  Birds Sold for breeding (Lakh Nos.)

6.18

 

c.  Birds sold for food (Lakh No.)

8.15

3. Live Stock and Poultry Population (1998 provisional)

 

 

           Livestock and Poultry population

 

 

           a.  Cattle 

593847

 

           b.  Buffaloes

176521

 

           c.  Sheep

371026

 

           d.  Goat

497814

 

           e.  Poultry

2678324

   

9. DAIRY DEVELOPMENT

 

 

Year 2005-2006

1.

Dairies

1

2.

Milk Chilling Plants

3

3.

No of Milk Co-op Societies

 

 

    a.       Registered

1092

 

    b.       Functioning

1010

4.

Milk Production (Lakh Liters)

 

 

    a.       Flush Season

780.64

 

    b.       Lean Season

577.36

 

 

 

 

 

10. FISHERIES

 

 

Year 2005-2006

1.

Length of Coastal Line (KM)

NIL

2.

No. of Coastal Blocks

NIL

3.

No of Coastal Centres

NIL

4.

Marine Fish Production (Tonne)

NIL

5.

Inland Fish Production (Tonne)

255.029

 

 

11. FOREST

 

 

Year 2005-2006

1.

Forest Area (Hect)

125682

 

     a.  Reserved Forests

110097

 

     b.  Unclassed Forests

1383

 

     c.  Reserved Lands  

14202

2.

Out-Turn of Forest Products

 

 

      a. Timbers (Cu.m)

NIL

 

      b.  Fuel wood (MT) 

NIL

 

      c.  Pulpwood (MT)

NIL

 

      d.  Sandalwood (MT)  

190

 

      e.  Rubber (MT)

NIL

 

      f.   Bamboo (Nos)

NIL

 

      g.  Tea Green leaves (Tonne)

NIL

 

      h.  Wattle bark (MT)

NIL

 

      i.   Cashew (Tonne)

NIL

        j    Others (specify) NIL

   

12. ELECTRICITY

 

 

Year 2005-2006

1.

GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY ( in M.U)

 

 

 

  a. Hydro

729.83

 

 

  b. Wind Mill Generation

NIL

 

 

  c. Thermal

6518.896

 

 

  d. Power Purchased

 NIL

 

 

  e. Gas trubine

NIL

 

2.

CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRITY

(In. M. U.)

(In %)

 

   a.  Agriculture

409.05

34.09

 

   b.  Industry

310.65

25.85

 

   c.  Commercial

114.92

9.58

 

   d.  Domestic

340.23

29.64

 

   e.  Public Lighting & Water works

25.17

2.10

 

   f.   Sales to Licenses

--

--

 

   g.  Sales to Other States

--

--

 

   h.  Miscellaneous

--

--

3.

RURAL ELECTRIFICATION

 

 

 

 

Nos.

Area Irrigated

 

  a.  Number of Pumpsets Energised

111345

119680 Hec.

 

 

Nos.

Total Villages

 

  b.  Electrified

654

654

 

 

Nos.

Total hamlets

 

  c.  Electrified

2610

2610

 


13.  ENTERPRISES

Rural Urban
1 No. of Agricultural Enterprises 9671 2093
2 No. of Non-Agricultural Enterprises 28046 30960
3 No. of Enterprises
a.  With Premises 25064 27900
b.  Without Premises 12113 5153

 

 

14.  INDUSTRIES 

    Year 2005-2006

1.

No of Working Factories (Registered)

1319

2.

No of Mandays Worked (Lakh)

116.6

3.

No of Trade Unions

 

 

a.  During 2005-2006

32

 

b.  Upto March 2006

1268

4.

No of Strikes

2

5.

No of Lockouts

1

6.

Large Scale Industries      }

 

7.

Medium Scale Industries  }

48

8.

Small Scale Industries

 

 

a.  During 2005-2006

1186

 

b.  Upto March 2006

31375

9.

Cottage Industries

 

 

a.  During 2005-2006

240

 

b.  Upto March 2005

5586

 

Others

 

 

a.  During 2005-2006

180

 

b.  Upto March 2006

5484

11

Name of the Important Industries

 

 

a.  Salem Steel Plant, Salem –13

 

b.  Salem Diary, (Aavin) Salem – 636 302

 

c.  Hutson Diary (P) Ltd., Karumapuram

 

d.  L.S.P. Oil Mills

 

e.  B.S.P. Refinaries

 

f.  Jawahar Mills, Salem –5

 

g.  Narasus Roller Flour Mills, Salem, -3

 

h.  Burn & Company, Salem –5

 

i.  Salem District Co-op Spinning Mill, Salem –3

 

j.  Dalmia Magensite, Karuppur

 

k . Tamilnadu Magnesites, Salem –5

 

l.  Tata Refractoreis, Karuppur, Salem –12

 

m.  Sambandam Spinning Mill

 

n.  Thambi Modern Spinning Mill, Jahir Ammapalayam, Salem –2

 

o.  South India Steels, Salem -2

 

p.  Sonal Vypar Ltd. Salem –2

 

q.  Champlast, Mettur Dam

 

r.   MALCO, Mettur Dam

 

s.  SISCOL, Mecheri Dam

 

t.  India Cements, Sankari

11

Name of the Industrial Park

Nil

 

 

15.  KHADI AND VILLAGE INDUSTRIES

 

 

Year 2005-2006

1.

KHADI

Production

(Rs. in Lakhs)

SALES

(Rs. in Lakhs)

 

a. Cotton

19.05

32.41

 

b. Wollen

---

14.24

 

c. Silk

---

49.62

 

d. Polyester

0.82

12.63

2

VILLAGE INDUSTRIES

   
  a.  Soaps 27.80 40.59
  b.  Leather Goods 4.17 2.05
  c.   Others (Specify) -- 2.85

 

TOTAL ( 1 + 2)

51.84

154.39

   

16.  MEDICAL AND HEALTH

1. Modern Medicine  

 

  a. No of Hospitals

11

 

  b. Dispensaries

2

 

  c.  Primary Health Centres

70

    d.  Health Sub Centres 398
    e.  Other Medical Institutions 8

 

  fBeds in Hospitals and Dispensaries

1501

 

  g.  Total Number of Doctors  

335

 

  h.  Total Number of Nurses

8510

2.

Indian Medicine

 

 

  a.  No of Hospitals

11

 

  b.  Dispensaries

2

 

  c.   Primary Health Centres

16

 

  d.  Beds in Hospitals and Dispensaries

16

 

  e.  Total Number of Doctors  

27

 

  f.  Total Number of Nurses

NIL

3.

Homeopathy

 

 

  a.  No of Hospitals

2

 

  b.  Dispensaries

NIL

 

  c.  Beds in Hospitals and Dispensaries

NIL

 

  d.  Total Number of Doctors  

2

 

  e.  Total Number of Nurses

NIL

 


17.  EDUCATION

 

 

Year 2005-2006

1

Universities

1

2

Arts and Science Colleges

14

3.

Colleges for Professional Education

 

 

a. Medicine

 

 

     i.   Allopathy 

2

 

     ii.  Indian Medicine

-

 

     iii. Homeopathy

1

 

b. Engineering Colleges

3

 

c.  Agriculture Colleges

-

 

d.  Veterinary Colleges

-

 

e.  Law College

1

4

College for Special Education (Nursing)

1

5

Pre-Primary Schools

227

6

Primary Schools

1223

7

Middle Schools

279

8

High Schools

112

9

Higher Secondary Schools

132

10

Teacher Training Institute

4

11

Number of Fresh Entries

Male

Female
  ( I to V Std) 53919 47691
12 Number of Students passed at    
  a.  High School (X Std) 8810 8013
  b.  Higher Secondary School (XII Std) 7973 6532
13 Number of Children Never Enrolled in School 1159


 

18.  TRANSPORT

1

ROAD LENGTH (KM)

 

 

a.  National  Highways

169.200

 

b.  State Highways & Rural Roads

2422.658

 

c.  Corporation & Municipalities Road

994.971

 

d.  Panchayat Union & Panchayat Road

5597.002

 

e.  Town Panchayat  Township Road

2558.642

 

f.  Others (Forest Roads)

201.167

2

Registered Motor Vehicles

 

 

a.  Commercial

33683

 

b.  Non- Commercial

1066119

3

Railway Length

 

 

a. Route Length

 

  

     i.    Broad Gauge

351.70

 

     ii. . Meter Gauge

122.10

 

b. Track Length

 

  

     1. Broad Gauge

418.01

 

     2. Meter Gauge

163.00

 

c. Number of Railway Stations

29

4

Number of Sea Ports

NIL

5

Number of Airports

1

6

Name of the Airport

Kamalapuram

7

Name of the Sea Port

NIL

8

Name of the Export Commodity

Textiles, Yarn, Granites, Readymade Garments, Coir Products and Salem Stainless Steel

9

Name of the Import Commodity

Pulses, Grams, Edible Oil

   

19.  COMMUNICATION

1

Post & Telegraph

 

 

a. Post Offices Doing Postal Business Alone

533

 

b. Post Offices Doing Post & Telegraph Business

72

2.

Telephones

 

 

a.  No of Telephones in 

239022

 

b.  No of Public Call Offices

19946

 

c.  No of Telephone Exchanges

229

 

20.  CO-OPERATION

1

Primary Land Development Banks

6

2

Co-Operative APEX Banks (TNSC)

NIL

3

District Central Co-operative Banks/ Branches

1 + (35 Branches)

4

Urban Banks

8

5

Primary Agricultural Credit Societies

211

6

Housing Co-operative Societies

46

7

Employees Co-operative Societies

104

8

Lift Irrigation Societies

1

9

Weavers Co-operative Societies

84

10

Industrial Co-operative Societies

20

11

Khadi & Village Industries Societies

34

12

Primary Co-operative Societies

18

13

Co-Operative Sugar Mills

Nil

14

Co-operative Marketing Societies

3

15

Others Co –operative Societies

153

   

21.  REGISTRATION

1

No of  Registration Offices

22

2

Aggregated Value of Property Transferred (Rs. in Crores)

1463.59

3

Total Receipts (Rs. in Crores)

65.70

   

22.  HOUSING

1

No of Tenements Constructed by Tamil Nadu Housing Board

NIL

2

Group Houses for Adi-Dravidas

NIL

3

Number of Tenements constructed by Tamil Nadu Slum Clearance Board

NIL

4

Number of Tenements constructed by Police Housing Board

NIL

5

Deputy Registrar Housing – Rural

NIL

6

Deputy Registrar Housing – Urban

NIL

7

Samthuvapuram 

 

  a. Seeragapady  
  b. Neikarapatti  
  c. Chinnasoragai  
  d. Katheri  
  e. Umaiyalpuram  
8 Total No. of House holds  
  a. S.C. 2340
  b. S.T. 68
  c. Others 785
9 No. of House holds below poverty line NA

 


23.  SOCIAL WELFARE (IN NUMBERS)

1

Old age pensioners

75142

2

Dr. M.R.A.N. Mahapperu Udhavi Thittam

--

3

Marriage Assistance

 

 

a.  M.R.A.M. Thirumalai Udhavi Thittam

--

 

b.  Marriage Assistance for Daughters of poor Widows

148

 

c.  Dr. D.A. Thittam (Widow – re marriage)

12

 

d.  Marriage Assistance to Orphan Girls

--

 

e.  A.A.N. Kalappu Thirumana Nidhi Udhavi Thittam

78

4

Aid for Handicapped

15

5

Aid for Others

--

6

Women Welfare Co-operative Societies

2

7

Training Centres

5

8

Mahalir Mandram

570

9

Women Development Centres

14

  a. Groups 7410
  b. Members 123374

10

Beneficiaries

N.A.

11 Uzhavar Santhai  1. Ammapet, 2. Dadagapatti, 3. Suramangalam, 4. Attayampatti, 5. Attur, 6. Mettur.  

   

24.  NUTRITIOUS MEALS PROGRAMME

Name of Programme

No. of Centres

No. of Beneficiaries

1. P.T.M.G.R.

1577

347680

2. I.C.D.S.

2186

81448

   

25.  REVENUE ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

1

Revenue Divisions

4

2

Revenue Taluks

9

3

Revenue Firkas

42

4

Revenue Villages

654

 

 

26.  LOCAL BODIES

1

Corporations

1

2

Municipalities

3

3

Third Grade Municipality

1

4

Panchayat Unions

20

5

Town Panchayats

33

6

Village Panchayat

384

 

  27.  COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

1

No. of Development Divisions

1

2

No. of Blocks Covered

20

3

Population Covered (Lakhs)

29.93

4

Area Covered (Sq. Km)

5205.30

 

28.  POLICE AND PRISONS 

 

 

Salem City

Salem Moffusil

1

Police

 

 

 

a. Police Force

 

 

 

    1. Local

1436

1064

 

    2. Armed Reserve

343

374

 

b. Police Stations

16

38

 

c. Police Outposts

NIL

NIL

2

Prisons

 

 

 

a. Central Prisons

1

 

 

b. Other Prisons

Sub Jail

12

 

 

Spl. Jail

1

 

 

5th Gardan

1

   

29. LEGISLATURE

1

Members of the Legislative Assembly

 

 

a. Elected

11

 

b. Nominated

NIL

2

Members of Parliament (Lok Sabha)

1

3

Members of Parliament (Rajya Sabha)

NIL

   

30. CINEMA THEATRES

1

Permanent

89

Some Cinema Theatre Buildings have been converted with other  purposes like Godowns, Market Complex, Kalyana Mandapam etc.

 

a. Air-conditioned

12

 

b. Non  Air- conditioned

77

 

c. Air – cooled

-

 

2

Open Air Theatres

-

 

3

Semi Permanent

4

 

4

Touring

6

 

   

31. BANKING AND INSURANCE 

1

a. Bank Offices

207

 

b. Primary Co-operative Banks

211

2

Life Insurance

 

 

a. Offices

8

 

b. Policies Issued

216277

 

c. Sum Assured (Rs. in Crores)

157.95

   

32. NATURAL RESOURCES

1

Name of the Minerals found in the District

Magnesite, Bauxite, Quartz, Felspar, Limestone, Soapstone, Dunite, Roughstone, Granites.

   

33. GENERAL

1

Name of the Important Pilgrims Centres in the District

Sri Sugavaneshwara Temple, Salem –1

Sri Ramakrishna Mutt, Salem –7

Sri Kumaragiri Temple, Salem –3

Sri Kandhashram Temple, Udayapatty

Sri Kailasanathar Temple, Taramangalam

Sri Siddeshwara Temple, Sithar Koil

Sri Thandontrieswara Temple, Belur

Jamma Mazid, Salem

Infant Jesus Church, Salem

2.

Name of the Important  Tourist Centre in the District

Yercaud (Jewel of the South)

Mettur Dam

Aragalur (Budda Statue)

Sankarai (Old Famous Fort)

Taramangalam Sri Kailashanather Temple

Poiman Karadu, Salem

Profile page updated on 16-May-2007.